Faculty Publication: Kristin Samuelson, Psychology

Kristin Samuelson

Samuelson, Kristin W., Christina K. Wilson, Elena Padrón, Suellen Lee, and Lauren Gavron. 2017."Maternal PTSD and Children's Adjustment: Parenting Stress and Emotional Availability as Proposed Mediators." Journal of Clinical Psychology 73, no. 6: 693-706. doi:10.1002/jclp.22369

Article Abstract

"Objectives: Maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for negative child adjustment, but it is unclear whether this association is direct (e.g., a mother's PTSD symptoms are observed, learned, and internalized by children which results in behavioral and emotional problems) or indirect, through parent-child relationship difficulties or parenting stress. We hypothesized that parenting stress and maternal emotional availability would exhibit indirect effects on relationships between maternal PTSD and children's functioning. Method: Participants were 52 trauma-exposed mothers and their children (aged 7-12 years). Mothers completed measures of PTSD and parenting stress and reported on their children's functioning. Emotional availability was assessed through observer-rated mother-child interactions.Results: Emotional availability was not related to PTSD or child outcomes. Parenting stress had a substantial indirect effect on the relationships between maternal PTSD and child emotion regulation, internalizing, and externalizing behaviors. Conclusions: Results highlight the need to target parenting stress in interventions with trauma-exposed families."  -- from the journal

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