Recognition of Self-Referent Stimuli in People With Dementia: Names and Pictures as Prosthetic Memory Aids
 

 
 

 
Ilem, Allison A., Leilani Feliciano, and Linda A. LeBlanc

portrait of Leliani Feliciano.

"Individuals with dementia have difficulty distinguishing their personal items and spaces from others, which creates problems in long-term care (LTC). Prosthetic memory aids may help facilitate recognition. This study assessed which self-referent stimuli were best recognized by individuals with dementia. LTC residents with dementia (n = 27) were shown arrays of three stimuli and asked to select the picture/name that featured them. Stimulus arrays included photographs from young adulthood, middle adulthood, current age, and their printed name. Most participants (95%) completed the assessment and recognized at least one stimulus type above chance levels. Participants recognized printed names most accurately (M = 89%). Current photographs were recognized least (M = 64%). Printed names and early adulthood photographs facilitate self-recognition in individuals with dementia." -- from the journal

Recognition of Self-Referent Stimuli in People With Dementia: Names and Pictures as Prosthetic Memory Aids