Principles for Career Services Professionals

Principles for Career Services Professionals

1. Career services professionals, without imposing personal values or biases, will assist individuals in developing a career plan or making a career decision.

2. Career services professionals will know the career services field and the educational institution and students they represent, and will have appropriate counseling skills.

3. Career services professionals will provide students with information on a range of career opportunities and types of employing organizations. They will inform students of the means and resources to gain access to information that may influence their decisions about an employing organization. Career services professionals will also provide employing organizations with accurate information about the educational institution and its students, and about the recruitment policies of the career services office.

4. Career services professionals will provide comparable services to all employers, regardless of whether the employers contribute services, gifts, or financial support to the educational institution or office and regardless of the level of such support.

5. Career services professionals will establish reasonable and fair guidelines for access to services by employers. When guidelines permit access to organizations recruiting on behalf of an employer and to international employers, the following principles will apply:
a) Organizations providing recruiting services for a fee may be asked to inform career services of the specific employer they represent and the specific jobs for which they are recruiting. When deemed necessary, career services can request contact information to verify that the organization is recruiting for a bonafide job opportunity. Career services must respect the confidentiality of this information and may not publish it in any manner. Third-party recruiters that charge fees to students will not be permitted access to career services;
b) Employers recruiting for work outside of the United States are expected to adhere to the equal Principles for Career Services Professionals employment opportunity (EEO) policy and U.S. labor law policies of the career services office. They will advise the career services office and the students of the realities of working in that country and of any cultural and employment law differences.

6. Career services professionals will maintain EEO compliance and follow affirmative action principles in career services activities in a manner that includes the following:
a) Referring all interested students for employment and experiential learning opportunities without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, veteran status, or disability, and providing reasonable accommodations upon request;
b) Notifying employing organizations of any selection procedures that appear to have an adverse impact based upon the student's race, color, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, veteran status, or disability;
c) Assisting recruiters in accessing certain groups on campus to provide a more inclusive applicant pool;
d) Informing all students about employment and experiential learning opportunities, with particular emphasis on those opportunities in occupational areas where certain groups of students are underrepresented;
e) Developing awareness of, and sensitivity to, cultural differences and the diversity of students, and providing responsive services;
f) Responding to complaints of EEO noncompliance, working to resolve such complaints with the recruiter or employing organization, and, if necessary, consulting with the appropriate campus department.

7. Any disclosure of student information outside of the educational institution will be with prior consent of the student unless health and/or safety considerations necessitate the dissemination of such information. Career services professionals will exercise sound judgment and fairness in maintaining the confidentiality of student information, regardless of the source, including written records, reports, and computer data bases.

8. Only qualified personnel will evaluate or interpret assessments of a career exploration nature. Students will be informed of the availability of assessments, the purpose of such assessments, and the disclosure policies regarding assessment results.

9. If the charging of fees for career services becomes necessary, such fees will be appropriate to the budgetary needs of the office and will not hinder student or employer access to services. Career services professionals are encouraged to counsel student and university organizations engaged in recruitment activities to follow this principle.

10. Career services professionals will advise students about their obligations in the recruitment process and establish mechanisms to encourage their compliance. Students' obligations include providing truthful and accurate information; adhering to schedules; accepting an offer of employment in good faith; notifying employers on a timely basis of an acceptance or nonacceptance and withdrawing from the recruiting process after accepting an offer of employment; interviewing only with employers for whom they are interested in working and whose qualification requirements they meet; and requesting reimbursement of only reasonable and legitimate expenses incurred in the recruitment process.

11. Career services professionals will provide services to international students consistent with U.S. immigration laws; inform those students about these laws; represent the reality of the available job market in the United States; encourage pursuit of only those employment opportunities in the United States that meet the individual's work authorization; and encourage pursuit of eligible international employment opportunities.

12. Career services will establish job and internship posting guidelines, communicate these guidelines to students and employers, and review job and internship postings submitted by employers. They will make a reasonable effort to ensure that jobs and internships posted to their systems adhere to their university's standards and NACE Principles, in a manner that includes the following:
a) All postings should adhere standards and guidelines prescribed by the institution;
b) Job postings should be suitable and appropriate for candidates from their institution, as determined by career services staff;
c) Internship postings should meet the NACE definition and criteria for internships.

13. Career services professionals also will promote and encourage acceptance of these principles throughout their educational institutions, particularly with faculty and staff who work directly with employers, and will respond to reports of noncompliance.

Courtesy of the National Association of Colleges and Employers