GES4310 - Principles of Geomorphology - Readings, Required and Supporting

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Required Readings

Barry, R. 2008. Mountain Weather and Climate. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY. pp. 401-407.

Bellian, J. C. Kerans, and D. Jennette. 2005. Digital outcrop models: Applications of terrestrial scanning lidar technology in stratigraphic modelling. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 75 (2): 166-176.

Blair, R., T. Casey, W. Romme, and R. Ellis. 1996. The Western San Juan Mountains: Their Geology, Ecology and Human History. University of Colorado Press, Boulder, CO., Ch. 1 "Origin of Landscapes" pp. 3 - 17.

Blair, R., and M. Gillam. 2011. Eastern San Juan Mountains: Their Geology, Ecology and Human History. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO., Ch. 4 "Geomorphic History of the San Juan Mountains" pp. 61-78.

Brantley, S., R. Lowenstern, J. Christiansen, R. Smith, R. Heasler, H. Waite, and C. Wicks. 2004. Tracking Changes in Yellowstone's Restless Volcanic System, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 100-03.

Cruikshank, K., and A. Aydin. 1994. Role of fracture localization in arch formation, Arches National Park, Utah, GSA Bull. 106 (7): 879-91.

Dobrowski, S., J. Abatzoglou, J. Greenberg, and S. Schladow. 2009. How much influence does landscape-scale physiography have on air temperature in a mountain environment?  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149 (10):1751-8.

Dorn, R. 2004. Case hardening, in Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, ed. A.S. Goudie, Routledge: London, 118-119.

Fitzner, B., K. Heinrichs, and D. La Bouchardiere.  2004. The Bangudae Petroglyph in Ulsan, Korea: Studies on weathering damage and risk prognosis. Environmental Geology 46:504-26.

Foster, T. 2010. A web site related to catastrophic floods from Glacial Lake Missoula and Lake Bonneville here:

Guido, Z., J. Dylan and R. Anderson. 2007. Pacing the post-Last Glacial Maximum demise of the Animas Valley glacier and the San Juan Mountain ice cap, Colorado. Geology 35(8): 739-742.

Hancock, P., and B. Skinner. 2000. Rock Coatings. The Oxford Companion to the Earth. Oxford University Press. 

Hewitt, K. 2006. Disturbance regime landscapes: mountain drainage systems interrupted by large rockslides. Progress in Physical Geography 30:365-93.

Huber, T. 1982. The geomorphology of subalpine snow avalanche runout zones: San Juan Mountains, Colorado. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 7, 109-116.

Inkpen, R., P. Collier, and D. Fontana. 2001.  Mapping decay: Integrating scales of weathering within a GIS. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26, 885-900.

Kiver, E. P., and S. Warren. 2011. Ice Age floods in the Pacific Northwest. Association of American Geographers (AAG) Newsletter, January. 46(1).

Laity, J. and M. Malin. 1985. Sapping processes and the development of theater-headed valley networks on the Colorado Plateau. GSA Bulletin 96 (2): 203-17.

Larimer County, Colo. 2010. A web site related to the catastrophic Big Thompson, Colorado flood 7/31/1976 here:

Littmann, T. 2008. Topoclimate and microclimate. InArid Dune Ecosystems. Springer. pp. 175-182.

McBride, E., and M. Picard. 2000. Origin and development of tafoni in Tunnel Spring Tuff, Crystal Peak, Utah, USA. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25: 869-79.

Paradise, T., and Z. Yin. 1993. Granite weathering pit characteristics and topography, Stone Mountain, Georgia, Physical Geography 14:68-81.

Parise, M., J. Coe, W. Savage, and D. Varnes. 2003, The Slumgullion Landslide (south-western Colorado, USA): Investigation and monitoring. International workshop on occurrence and mechanisms of flows in natural slopes and earthfills, IW-Flows 2003, Sorrento, May 14-16, 2003.

Phillips, J. 2003. Sources of nonlinearity and complexity in geomorphic systems. Progress in Physical Geography 27(1): 1-23.

Pollard, D. and A. Aydin. 1988. Progress in understanding jointing over the past century. GSA Bulletin100: 1181-204.

Ritter D., R. Kochel, and J. Miller. 2002.  Process Geomorphology 4th Edition. McGraw Hill, New York.

Savigear, R. 1952. Some observations on slope development in South Wales. Transactions, Institute of British Geographers 18:31-51.

Turkington A., J. Phillips, and S. Campbell. 2005. Weathering and landscape evolution. Geomorphology Special Issue 67(1-2): 1-6.

Turkington A., and J. Phillips. 2004. Cavernous weathering, dynamical instability and self-organization.Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 29:665-675.

Villa, N., Dorn, R. I., and Clark, J., 1995, Fine material in rock fractures: aeolian dust or weathering? in: Desert Aeolian Processes, V. Tchakerian, ed., Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 219-231.

White, J., Morgan, M., and Berry, K. The West Salt Creek Landslide: A catastrophic rockslide and rock/debirs avalanche in Mesa County, Colorado. 2015. Colorado Geological Survey / Colorado School of Mines. Bulletin 55.


Supporting Readings, Not Required

Athearn, F. 1985. Land of Contrast: A History of Southeast Colorado. BLM Cultural Resources Series (Colorado: No. 17).

Barsch, D. 1988. Rock glaciers, In Advances in Periglacial Geomorphology, ed. M. Clark, p. 69-90. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Barsch, D., and N. Caine. 1984. The nature of mountain geomorphology. Mountain Research and Development 4 (4):287-98.

Blair, R., T. Casey, W. Romme, and R. Ellis. 1996. The Western San Juan Mountains: Their Geology, Ecology and Human History. University of Colorado Press, Boulder, CO.

Campbell, I. 1973. Controls of canyon and meander forms by jointing. Area 5 (4):291-96.

Campbell, S. 1999. Chemical weathering associated with tafoni at Papago Park, Central Arizona. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24:271-78.

Caine, N. 1995. Snowpack influences on geomorphic processes in Green Lakes Valley, Colorado Front Range. The Geographical Journal 1:55-68.

Colorado State University (CSU). 2014. Colorado Flood 2013 Storm Page.

Gordon, S. 2005. Effect of environmental factors on the chemical weathering of plagioclase in Hawaiian basalt. Physical Geography 26 (1):69-84.

Gordon, S., and R. Dorn. 2005. In situ case-hardened surface erosion. Geomorphology 67:97-113.

Guglielmin, M., N. Cannone, A. Strini, and A. Lewkowicz. 2005. Biotic and abiotic processes on granite weathering landforms in a cryotic environment, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 16 (1):69-85.

Hall, K., and A. Hall. 1996. Weathering by wetting and drying: some experimental results. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21:365-76.

Hall, K., J. Arocena, J. Boelhouwers, and Z. Liping. 2005. The influence of aspect on the biological weathering of granites: observations from the Kunlun Mountains, China. Geomorphology 67(1-2): 171-188.

Harris, A., E. Tuttle, and S. Tuttle. 1997. Geology of National Parks, 5th Ed. (Ch. 6: Arches National Park). Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, IA.

Hoerlé, S. 2006. Rock temperatures as an indicator of weathering processes affecting rock art. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 313:383.

Inkpen, R., P. Collier, and D. Fontana. 2000. Close-range photogrammetric analysis of rock surfaces. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, N.F. Supplement Band 120:67-81.

McCarroll, D. and A. Nesje. 1996. Rock surface roughness as an indicator of degree of rock surface weathering. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 21:963-77.

McFadden, L, Eppes, M., Gillespie, A. and B.Hallet. 2005. Physical weathering in arid landscapes due to diurnal variation in the direction of solar heating. Geological Society of America Bulletin 117 (1-2): 161-173.

McGreevy, J. 1985. Thermal properties as controls on rock surface temperature maxima, and possible implications for rock weathering. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 10 (2):125-36.

Mottershead, D. 2000. Identification and mapping of rock weathering surface forms and features.Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, N.F. Supplement Band 120:5-22.

Mottershead, D., A. Gorbushina, G. Lucas, and J. Wright.  2003.  The influence of marine salts, aspect and microbes in the weathering of sandstone in two historic structures. Building and Environment 38 (10): 1193-204.

Noe, D. 1997. Heaving-bedrock hazards, mitigation, and land-use policy; Front Range Piedmont, Colorado. Environmental Geosciences 4(2)48-57.

Paradise, T. 1997. Disparate sandstone weathering beneath lichens, Red Mountain, Arizona. Geografiska Annaler, Series A, Physical Geography 79(3):177-84.

Paradise, T. 2002. Sandstone weathering and aspect in Petra, Jordan. Zeitscrift für Geomorphologie46:1-17.

Petuskey, W., D. Richardson, and D. Dolske. 1995.  Aspects of the deterioration of sandstone masonryin Anasazi dwelling ruins at Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, USA.  Science of the Total Environment 167:145-59.

Phillips, J.D. 1999. Earth Surface Systems. Complexity, Order, and Scale. Oxford, UK. Basil Blackwell.

Pike, R., I. Evans, and T. Hengl. 2008. Geomorphometry: A Brief Guide. In: Geomorphometry - Concepts, Software, Applications, Hengl, T. and Hannes I. Reuter (eds.), Series Developments in Soil Science vol. 33, Elsevier, pp. 3-33.

Pope, G. 2001. Weathering impacts on petroglyph engravings and rock panels.  In American Indian Rock Art, eds. S. Freers and A. Woddy, 97-105.  Tucson, Arizona: American Rock Art Research Association.

Pope, G., R. Dorn, and J. Dixon. 1995. A new conceptual model for understanding geographical variations in weathering.  Annals of the Association of American Geographers 85(1) 38-64.

Robinson, D., and R. Williams. 1981. Weathering of sandstone by the combined action of frost and salt.  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 6:1-9.

Roth, E. 1965. Temperature and water content as factors in desert weathering. Flora 160:527-61.

Schumm, S. 1991. To Interpret the Earth. Ten Ways to be Wrong. Cambridge, New York, Port Chester, Melbourne, Sydney. Cambridge University Press.

Smith, B., R. Magee, and W. Whalley.  1994.  Breakdown patterns of quartz sandstone in a polluted urban environment, Belfast, Northern Ireland. In Rock Weathering and Landform Evolution, eds.  D.Robinson and R. Williams, 131-50. Chichester, England: Wiley.

Theoulakis, P. and A. Moropoulou. 1997. Microstructural and mechanical parameters determining the susceptibility of porous building stones to salt decay.  Construction and Building Materials 11 (1): 65-71.

Thorne, C. 1978. The geomorphic role of snow. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 68(3) 414-25.

Tratebas, A., N. Cerveny, and R. Dorn. 2004. The effects of fire on rock art: Microscopic evidence reveals the importance of case-hardened surfaces. Physical Geography 254:313-33.

Turkington, A., and T. Paradise. 2005. Sandstone weathering: A century of research and innovation.Geomorphology 67:229-53.

Viles, H. 2001. Scale issues in weathering studies. Geomorphology 41:61-72. 

Vogt, B. 2014. Visualizing summertime lightning patterns on Colorado Fourteeners. The Professional Geographer 66(1): 41-57.

Vogt, B., and Edsall, R. 2010. Terrestrial laser scanning and exploratory spatial data analysis for the mapping of weathering forms on rock art panels. Geocarto International 1:1-21.

Vogt, B., and Hodanish, S. 2014. A high-resolution lightning map of the state of Colorado. Monthly Weather Review 142:2353-60.

Warke, P., J. Curran, A. Turkington, and B. Smith. 2003. Condition assessment for building stone conservation: a staging system approach. Building and Environment 38:1113-23.

Western Water Assessment. 2015. Intermountain West Climate Page (narrative and map).

Whalley, W., and A. Turkington. 2001. Weathering and geomorphology - special issue ofGeomorphologyGeomorphology 41:1-3.

Williams, R., and D. Robinson.  1981.  Weathering of sandstone by the combined action of frost and salt.  Earth Science Processes and Landforms 6 (1): 1-9.

Williams, R., and D. Robinson.  2000.  Effects of aspect on weathering: Anomalous behaviour of sandstone gravestones in southeast England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 252:135-44.

Young, A. 1987. Salt as an agent in the development of cavernous weathering. Geology 15:962-66.