Courses

The Department of Biology offers a variety of undergraduate (1000-4000 level) and graduate courses (5000 level). Here is a list of our currently offered courses, with course descriptions. We have provided general details on when courses are offered and any special options (online, honors); however, students should take into consideration that these are not guaranteed for every academic year.

Course #GraduateSemester(s) offeredSpecial Options
BIOL 1000 - Biology in the Modern World

Designed for the nonmajor. The introductory principles of biology stressing the relationships between man and the environment. Concepts include heredity, evolution, genetics, nutrition, physiology, and ecology. Satisfies the LAS natural science requirement. To be taken with BIOL 1060 to satisfy the LAS laboratory requirement. May not count as credit for the major. Fall, Spring. GT-SC1.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 1010 - Introduction to Human Biology

Introduction to scientific inquiry with special emphasis on the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human biology.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 1050 - Personal Nutrition

Designed for the nonmajor. A course presenting basic information about factors influencing human nutritional requirements and food sources to meet them. Emphasis is on application of biological principles in the students own diets and lives. The course will include how to evaluate ones own nutritional needs and the adequacy of personal diet. Satisfies the LAS Natural Science requirement. Spring. Summer. Meets with HSCI 1060.

Spring, Summer
BIOL 1060 - Introductory Biology Laboratory

May be taken in conjunction with BIOL 1000 to satisfy the LAS science requirement and lab requirement. GT-SC1.

Fall, Spring Lecture/lab course
BIOL 1200 - General Biology I: Organismic Biology, Lecture and Lab

An integrated lecture-laboratory course that presents the diversity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms emphasizing structure, function, ecology, and evolution. Prer., High school chemistry or consent of instructor.

Fall, Spring Lecture/lab course
BIOL 1210 - General Biology: Introduction to the Cell, Lecture and Lab

An integrated lecture-laboratory course that introduces concepts of the structure/function relationships among biological molecules, of cellular metabolism, and of genetics and molecular biology. Open to biology, chemistry, and health sciences majors only. Prer., CHEM 1030, BIOL 1200 or consent instructor.

Fall, Spring Lecture/lab course Honors section available
BIOL 1510 - Environmental Science

Introduction to atomic molecular structure and to biological structure and function. Environmental contaminants in air and their reactions, water quality and its analysis, wastewater treatment, the ecology of natural systems and genetic adaptation. Approved for LAS Natural Science area and Global Awareness requirements. Meets with CHEM 1510.

Spring
BIOL 1530 - Environmental Science Laboratory

With BIOL 1510, satisfies the LAS science requirement and lab requirement. Fall, Spring. Meets with CHEM 1530.

Spring Lab course
BIOL 2010 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I Lecture and Lab

Part 1. Lecture and lab. A comprehensive study of the structure and function of the human body. Covers basic anatomical terminology, cells, tissues, and the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscle, and nervous. Fall.

Fall Lecture/lab course
BIOL 2020 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lecture and Lab

Part 2. Lecture and lab. A comprehensive study of the sense organs, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Spring. Prer., BIOL 2010.

Spring Lecture/lab course
BIOL 2030 - Microbiology

Presentation of the basic aspects of microbiology within a broad biological perspective. Subject matter will include microbiological concepts and methodology; a survey of the distinguishing properties of microorganisms based on structural-functional relationships: introduction to growth, metabolism, genetics, and ecology. Fall. MUST ALSO REGISTER FOR BIOL 2130 MICROBIOLOGY LAB. Prer., BIOL 1110, BIOL 1160, BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, CHEM 1030, and CHEM 1060 or BIOL 2010, BIOL 2020, CHEM 1010, and CHEM 1020.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 2050 - Nutrition for Health Sciences

An introductory level course for students preparing for health science careers. Emphasis will be on the variety of biological and environmental factors which influence nutritional needs and nutritional status. The role of nutrients in energy metabolism and physiology will also be covered. The course will also focus on the educational role of the health service provider. Each student will do a detailed analysis of his or her own diet. Fall. Interim. Prer., BIOL 1110 and BIOL 1200 or CHEM 1010 and CHEM 1020. Meets with HSCI 2070.

Fall, Winterim, Summer
BIOL 2130 - Microbiology Laboratory

MUST BE TAKEN IN CONJUNCTION WITH BIOL 2030. A series of laboratory experiments designed to illustrate the basic concepts of microbiology with hands-on experience. Prer., BIOL 1110, BIOL 1160, BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, CHEM 1030, and CHEM 1060 or BIOL 2010, BIOL 2020, CHEM 1010, and CHEM 1020.

Fall, Spring Lab course
BIOL 2500 - Plant Biology

 

Variable
BIOL 3000 - Biology Statistics

An introduction to the principles, concepts, and processes involved in scientific research. Emphasis is on critical thinking approaches to evaluating scientific works, statistical methods for analyzing biological data, and research project design and reporting. Fall. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, or consent of instructor.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 3020 - Cell Biology

Life processes with emphasis on relationships of structure and function at organelle and molecular level. Physical and chemical properties of protoplasm, enzyme action; cellular respiration, cell growth, and division. Fall. Spring. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, CHEM 1030, CHEM 1060.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 3100 - Microbiology: Bacteriology/Mycology

Bacteriology/Mycology is an upper division, advanced study of the metabolism, physiology, and genetics of bacteria, yeast and fungus. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, CHEM 1030, CHEM 1060. Coreq., BIOL 3110.

Spring (even years only)
BIOL 3110 - Bacteriology/Mycology Laboratory

Laboratory course to accompany BIOL 3100. Prer., BIOL 3100 concurrently or preceding.

Variable Lab course
BIOL 3140 - Microbiology: Virology

Virology is an upper division course covering the topic of biology of viruses. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, CHEM 1030, CHEM 1060. Meets with BIOL 5140.

Spring, odd years only
BIOL 3150 - Virology Laboratory

Research-oriented microbiology lab course. Prer., BIOL 3100 and BIOL 3140.

Spring, odd years only Lab course
BIOL 3220 - Animal Physiology

An examination of how invertebrates and vertebrates have met the problems of survival through physiological adaptations. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, BIOL 3020.

Spring
BIOL 3230 - Plant Physiology

A comprehensive study of the physiology of photosynthetic organisms emphasizing molecular and cellular biology. Prer., BIOL 1110, BIOL 1160, BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210, BIOL 3020.

Variable
BIOL 3300 - Exercise Physiology

A comprehensive, introductory course describing the effect of exercise on normal, physiological function. The course will describe the long-term benefits of exercise training, training adaptations and control mechanisms for these adaptations. Fall. Prer., BIOL 2010 and BIOL 2020.

Fall, Summer (online) online (summer, ext. studies)
BIOL 3450 - Anatomy and Exercise Science: Fundamentals and Applications to Golf

Course integrates musculoskeletal anatomy and scientific principles of relevant sport science disciplines (biomechanics, physiology, nutrition, psychology and technology), in a lecture/lab setting, to provide PGM and Exercise Science students a comprehensive understanding of exercise science applications to golf. Meets with BIOL 5450.

BIOL 5450 Spring
BIOL 3600 - Histology

A comprehensive study of basic tissue type stressing the structural and functional interrelations of these tissues within organs. Treatment of cellular ultrastructure and development as it relates to tissues. Emphasis on vertebrates, including human beings. Spring (even years). Prer., BIOL 1100, BIOL 1110, BIOL 1150, and BIOL 1160. Open to Juniors and Seniors.

Spring, every other year Lecture/lab course
BIOL 3610 - Developmental Biology

Lecture. Examines cellular development with emphasis on vertebrate systems and experimental analysis. Prer., BIOL 3020.

Spring only
BIOL 3700 - General Ecology

A survey of environmental relationships of plants and animals. Topics include speciation, abiotic, and biotic limiting factors, population, community and ecosystem dynamics, and terrestrial and aquatic biomes. Spring (even years). Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210.

Spring only
BIOL 3750 - Conservation Biology

The major focus is the application of biological and ecological principles to preserve biodiversity. Ultimate sources and current worldwide losses of biological diversity are emphasized. Because conservation biology demands multidisciplinary approaches, historical, legal, economic, and ethical issues are also included. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 3700 recommended. Meets with GES 3750 and BIOL 5700.

BIOL 5700 Summer
BIOL 3830 - Genetics

Classical and molecular genetic principles. Topics discussed include gene structure, function, and regulation; replication and recombination; DNA technology; and evolutionary and population genetics. Spring. Prer., BIOL 3020.

Fall (online only), Spring Online (Fall and Spring)
BIOL 3840 - Genetics Laboratory

Laboratory course designed to illustrate concepts of genetics as described in lecture (BIOL 3830). Spring. Prer., BIOL 3830 or concurrent enrollment. Meets with BIOL 5440.

BIOL 5440 Spring Lab course
BIOL 3910 - Immunology

A basic study of immunity which treats the biochemical, physiological, and genetic aspects of the immune response, particularly in humans. Prer., BIOL 3020.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 4000 - Current Topics in Biology

Specialized topics and current issues are considered. Subject matter will change depending upon individual instructors. The topic in any given semester will be specified in the semester class schedule. May be repeated for credit more than one semester. Spring. Meets with BIOL 5000.

BIOL 5000 Variable
BIOL 4010 - Seminar in Biology

Review and discussion of pertinent research subjects. Students will present seminars. Fall. Spring. Prer., Senior standing.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 4080 - Endocannabinoids and Medical Marijuana

Examines the role of endocannabinoids and medical marijuana in homeostasis of the cardiovascular, endocrine, excretory, nervous, reproductive and immune systems. Issues of racism and injustice are also considered. Prer., BIOL 3020 or instructors permission.

Fall
BIOL 4150 - Field Botany

Topics include plant life cycles, systematics, life zones, and the use of field guides for identifying cyanobacteria, protists, bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, vascular plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms in Colorado foothills, montane, subalpine and alpine life zones. Includes lecture and field study. Prer., BIOL 1210. Meets with BIOL 5150.

BIOL 5150 Summer (ext. studies)
BIOL 4210 - The Biology of Aging

Examines the physics, chemistry, and biology of aging. Complex topics will be presented in an integrated yet easy to understand fashion. The course is based on reading peer-reviewed scientific literature. Discussing these articles is the basis of each class, with initial introductory lectures presenting the relevant concepts. Prer., Cell biology or permission of instructor. Meets with BIOL 5210.

BIOL 5210 Spring
BIOL 4220 - Epidemiology

Introduces students to the basic principles and methods of epidemiology as they relate to scientific inquiry, detection, control, and prevention of public health problems. Open to Juniors/Seniors only. Prer., BIOL 3000 or equivalent. Meets with BIOL 5220.

BIOL 5220 Fall
BIOL 4230 - Injury Prevention and Treatment

A survey of typical sports-related injuries, their causes, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention. Prer., BIOL 2010 and BIOL 2020, or consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 5230 and HSCI 4610.

BIOL 5230 Spring (taught by Health Science Department)
BIOL 4250 - Evolution

A comprehensive analysis of the evolutionary history of microbes, plants, and animals including studying the driving forces in the development of molecular pathways, organismic morphology and function. Spring (odd years). Prer., BIOL 3830.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 4280 - Mammalogy

Lecture, lab, and field studies. Origin, evolution and adaptation, geographic distribution, ecology, and taxonomy of mammals. Fall. Prer., BIOL 1100, BIOL 1110, BIOL 1150, BIOL 1160. Meets with BIOL 5280.

BIOL 5280 Fall
BIOL 4300 - Advanced Nutrition

A comprehensive study of the energy-providing nutrients and how they are metabolized within the human body. This course will provide students witha firm basis of the biochemistry of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Fall. Prer., BIOL 2050, BIOL 3020, CHEM 3300 or CHEM 3310, CHEM 3320. Meets with HSCI 4430.

Fall
BIOL 4350 - Human Anatomy

Lecture and lab course using a systemic approach to human anatomy, focusing on musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, and reproductive systems. Prer., BIOL 1200, BIOL 1210. Meets with BIOL 4350 and HSCI 5350.

BIOL 5350 Fall
BIOL 4360 - Human Physiology

Lecture and laboratory. Integrative study of major organ systems, including nervous, endocrine, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, excretory, digestive, and reproductive functions of the human body. Prer., BIOL 3020, MATH 1350. Meets with BIOL 5360.

BIOL 5360 Fall, Spring, Summer (online) Online (summer, ext. studies)
BIOL 4420 - Behavioral Ecology

 

Spring
BIOL 4430 - Animal Ecology

Problems concerned with the distribution of animals and their relations to each other and to their environment are considered. Local ecosystems are visited and sampled with special attention to sampling the animal communities. Contact instructor for call number. Prer., BIOL 1100, BIOL 1110, BIOL 1150, BIOL 1160. Meets with BIOL 5430.

BIOL 5430 Suumer, every other year
BIOL 4440 - Winter Ecology

An organismic/environmental course exploring the options available to organisms for surviving winter. Includes evolutionary, behavioral, and physiological adaptations involved in migration, hibernation, and temperate environments. Prer., BIOL 1100, BIOL 1110, BIOL 1150, BIOL 1160.

Winterim
BIOL 4550 - Biomechanics/Kinesiology

An introduction to the mechanics of human movement. Includes the application of kinematics, kinetics, hydrodynamics, kinesiology and analytical techniques to human movement. Periodic trips to the International Center for Aquatic Research for analytical methods. Spring. Prer., BIOL 2010 and BIOL 2020. Meets with BIOL 5550.

BIOL 5550 Spring
BIOL 4600 - Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury

A comprehensive survey of the biomechanics of musculoskeletal injury. The course explores the various bases of musculoskeletal injury to understand causal mechanisms, effects of injury on tissues, and how biomedical sciences contribute to injury management and prevention. Prer., BIOL 2010 (anatomy) or equivalent. Meets with BIOL 5600 and HSCI 5600.

BIOL 5600 Fall
BIOL 4670 - Applied Molecular Genetics

Learn how fundamental principles of chemistry and biology are applied to modern day biotechnologies. Examine the chemical and biological properties of nucleic acids, proteins and restriction enzymes and how they are used to clone genes, characterize proteins and discover drugs. Prer., BIOL 4840, BIOL 3020 and BIOL 3830, or by consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 5670.

BIOL 5670 Fall
BIOL 4710 - Externship in Biology

A program of study and learning outside the classroom. Practical exposure to field of interest is intended to provide appropriate experience to a students career orientation. A variety of opportunities exists, and students may explore their own avenues as well. Some externships are in open competition. Students must have departmental permission and completed permission form to register. It is necessary for students interested in this program to plan their participation one semester before they plan to enroll. (Note: Externship is to be performed off campus at an institution performing biologically-oriented work, e.g., medical clinics and research laboratories.) Students must speak with faculty before registering for all externships. Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4720 - Externship in Biology - Exercise Science

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4730 - Externship in Biology - Biochemistry

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4740 - Externship in Biology - Biotechnology

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4770 - Human Metabolism

An advanced course in exercise physiology/biochemistry. Topics will involve extensive review of the scientific literature. These topics involve a review of current trends in sport science and are designed to give the student a practical application and interpretation of the sports sciences. Spring. Prer., BIOL 3300. Meets with BIOL 5770, HSCI 4060, and HSCI 5060.

BIOL 5770 Spring
BIOL 4790 - Laboratory Methods in Human Physiology

Lecture/Lab. Students will gain proficiency in clinical laboratory techniques for assessing human respiratory, cardiovascular, muscular, and metabolic functions. Requires additional laboratory time each week. Prer., BIOL 4360 or consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 5790.

BIOL 5790 Spring Lab course
BIOL 4810 - General Biochemistry I

Topics include structure, conformation, and structure and functions of properties of proteins; enzymes; mechanisms and kinetics; intermediary metabolism; carbohydrates, lipids; amino acids; energetics and metabolic control; and photosynthesis. Fall. Prer., BIOL 3020 and CHEM 3320. Meets with BIOL 5810, CHEM 4810, and CHEM 5810.

BIOL 5810 Fall, Winterim
BIOL 4820 - Biochemistry II

Lecture. Continuation of BIOL 4810. Topics include exploration of anabolic and catabolic processes, similarities and differences between them, reactions linking them, and transcriptional and post-transcriptional control mechanisms. Includes study of signaling pathways and repeating themes in metabolism. Meets with CHEM 4820, BIOL 5820, and CHEM 5820.

BIOL 5820 Spring
BIOL 4830 - Biochemistry Principles

A comprehensive one-semester introduction to cells, proteins, catalysis; metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and nitrogen compounds; and storage and utilization of genetic information. Spring. Fall. Prer., BIOL 1210; CHEM 3300 or CHEM 3320. Meets with CHEM 4830.

Fall, Spring
BIOL 4840 - Molecular Biology

Focuses on the techniques used to study prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression and regulation. Topics include transcription, recombination and transposition. Prer., BIOL 3830 or consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 5840, CHEM 4840, and CHEM 5840.

BIOL 5840 Fall
BIOL 4860 - Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory

Designed to provide laboratory skills and techniques. Experiments are selected to demonstrate principles and application of current techniques and the use of instrumentation. Spectrophotometry, enzymology, centrifugation and electrophoresis are stressed. Prer., One semester of biochemistry or cell biology and one semester of organic chemistry. Meets with BIOL 5860, CHEM 4860, and CHEM 5860.

BIOL 5860 Spring Lab course
BIOL 4930 - Research Practicum in Genetics

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in molecular biology, microbial genetics, and biotechnology. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects,and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Prer., BIOL 4840. Meets with BIOL 6930.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4940 - Research Practicum in Biochemistry

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in biochemistry. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects, and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Meets 9 hours per week. Prer., BIOL 4810, BIOL 4820, BIOL 4860, and consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 6940.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4950 - Research Practicum in Exercise Physiology

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in exercise physiology and nutrition. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects, and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Meets 9 hours per week. Prer., BIOL 3300, BIOL 4810, and consent instructor. Meets with BIOL 6950.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4970 - Research Practicum in Immunology

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in Immunology. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects, and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Meeting 9 hours per week. Consent of instructor required. Limited enrollment. Prer., BIOL 1100, BIOL 1110, BIOL 1150, and BIOL 1160.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 4980 - Research Methods Laboratory

Lecture and lab. Introduction to research methods used by faculty in the biology and chemistry departments, with an introduction to preparing scientific presentations and manuscripts. Students wishing to apply for a Merck summer research stipend must take this course before applying. Prer., CHEM 3310; CHEM 3330 or CHEM 3370; a biology major; and consent of instructor, based upon completed application due 2 weeks before registration opens. Open to Sophomores and Juniors, and Seniors with consent of instructor. Meets with CHEM 4980.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 5710 - Externship in Biology

A program of study and learning outside the classroom. Practical exposure to field of interest is intended to provide appropriate experience to a students career orientation. A variety of opportunities exists, and students may explore their own avenues as well. Some externships are in open competition. Students must have departmental permission and completed permission form to register. It is strongly suggested that students interested in this program plan their participation one semester before they plan to enroll. (Note: Externship is to be performed off campus at an institution performing biologically-oriented work, e.g., medical clinics and research laboratories.) Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 5720 - Externship in Biology - Exercise Science

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 5730 - Externship in Biology - Biochemistry

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 5740 - Externship in Biology - Biotechnology

Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 6360 - Advanced Biomechanics

An advanced study of biomechanics. Includes methods of smoothing raw data, joint force and torque calculations, three-dimensional theory and kinematics and kinetics in three dimensions. Prer., Consent of instructor.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 6930 - Research Practicum in Genetics

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in molecular biology, microbial genetics, and biotechnology. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects,and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Prer., BIOL 4840. Meets with BIOL 4930.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 6940 - Research Practicum in Biochemistry

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in biochemistry. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects, and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Meets 9 hours per week. Prer., BIOL 4810, BIOL 4820, BIOL 4860, and consent of instructor. Meets with BIOL 4940.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 6950 - Research Practicum in Exercise Physiology

Laboratory course for advanced biology students and graduate students interested in exercise physiology and nutrition. Course includes experimental design, laboratory projects, and interpretation and presentation of data from individual projects. Meets 9 hours per week. Prer., BIOL 3300, BIOL 4810, and consent instructor. Meets with BIOL 4950.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 7000- Master's Thesis

 

BIOL 7000 Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9400 - Independent Study in Biology

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9410 - Independent Study in Biochemistry

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9420 - Independent Study in Genetics

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9430 - Independent Study in Exercise Science

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9440 - Independent Study in Plant Molecular Biology

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9470 - Independent Study Organismic Biology

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9480 - Independent Study in Organismic Biology

Advanced students (usually seniors) are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9490 - Senior Thesis

For advanced students who wish to pursue independent research for honors standing in biology. Description follows that for Independent Study in Biology (BIOL 9400). The course involves four phases: 1) A proposal must be submitted including a statement of the research goal, materials and methods, review of pertinent literature, and anticipated results. The proposal will be reviewed for acceptability. 2) Research must be carried out. 3) The thesis as a write-up of research should be in the form of a scholarly publication and will be reviewed for acceptability. 4) A seminar on the research must be presented to faculty and students in biology. It is strongly suggested that students initiate their work at the start of the last semester of their junior year. Fall, Spring.

Fall, Spring, and Summer Honors only
BIOL 9500 - Independent Study in Biology: Graduate

Advanced students at the graduate level are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9510 - Independent Study in Biochemistry

Advanced students at the graduate level are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9520 - Independent Study in Genetics

Advanced students at the graduate level are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9530 - Independent Study in Exercise Science

Advanced students at the graduate level are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9540 - Independent Study in Plant Molecular Biology

Advanced students at the graduate level are encouraged to pursue independent research in some specific area or problem where extensive reference to biological literature on that subject is available. Also encouraged is the design and execution of original research, either in the laboratory or field, that bears on the problem being considered. Prior to being admitted to this course, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal of the area or problem to be studied to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have consent of instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, Spring, Summer.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9560 - Independent Study in Cell Biology

Students will pursue independent research in cell biology. They are encouraged to design and execute original research. Prior to being admitted to thiscourse, the student must submit an acceptable written proposal, of the area or problem to be studied, to the faculty member (selected by the student) who supervises the effort. Students must have the consent of the instructor and completed permission forms to register. Fall, spring, summer. Prer., BIOL 3020, Cell Biology.

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9590 - Independent Study Senior Thesis

Independent Study Senior Thesis

Fall, Spring, and Summer
BIOL 9990 - Candidate for Degree

Candidate for Degree

Fall, Spring, and Summer